Among infants in this statewide birth cohort, 2.8% were born to a mother with a documented MH disorder. 41.3% of infants with mothers who had a MH disorder had documented maternal substance abuse issue vs. less than 0.5% of infants born to mothers without a diagnosed MH disorder. 34.6% of infants born to mothers with a MH disorder were reported within one year; a majority of those reports were made within the first month of life (77.2%). In contrast, among children born to mothers without any MH disorder, 4.4% were reported to CPS during infancy. Being born to a mom with a MH disorder (but no substance use disorder) more than doubled the likelihood of a child being reported to CPS, and more than quintupled it in the case of mothers with MH and substance use disorders.
Administrative records provide a method for identifying infants born to mothers with MH disorders, enabling researchers to track rates over time and generate population-level data to inform policy development and improve service delivery.